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Treasures from across the world and throughout time

A significant part of the Museum’s collection of more than 700,000 artifacts and specimens pertain to the Greater Niagara Region and form a record of life in all of its forms in anthropology, botany, geology, and zoology. The collection provides a representation of the present and past natural and cultural history of the Niagara Frontier and adjacent Ontario, as well as material of worldwide provenance of value in teaching, exhibition, and research.

The Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences has been collecting since 1861. The results are housed in six curatorial divisions; Anthropology, Botany, Geology, Vertebrate Zoology, Invertebrate Zoology, and Special Collections. As an AAM accredited institution, we are committed to the care and management of the Museum’s accessioned collections, which are held in perpetuity.

In addition to the Research Collection of c. 700,000 objects, the Museum also houses a Teaching Collection of c. 5,000 objects, which is used for hands on programming, travel to schools, workshops, and use by the general public.Appointments to access the collection can be made through the Director of Collections. Research inquiries are welcomed by mail, email, telephone.

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Our Collection

Anthropology - Collections


Anthropology, c. 120,000 artifacts
  • The Ainu collection of c.77 artifacts is the tenth best collection of its kind according to a survey by the Smithsonian Institution.
  • The P.G.T. Black collection of c. 6,200 items is among the top 5 collections of South Pacific material culture in any museum.
  • Renowned Chinese collection of c. 4,250, which includes a leading collection of Neolithic jades and the second best collection of Chinese Cricket Cult paraphernalia known in a museum.
  • S. H. Weeks collection of ethnographic textiles, c. 3,000
  • Knox Money Collection, c. 2,500
Botany - Collections


Botany, c. 120,000 specimens
  • The Clinton Herbarium is the ninth oldest herbarium in the US
  • Largest collection of plant specimens from Western New York
  • Largest and best regional collection of Boletes in the United States, which includes many type specimens
geology - Collections


Cataloged Fossils c. 27,600
Hiscock Site Collection c. 125,000
Rocks, Gems, Minerals c. 12,200
  • Hiscock Site Collection illustrating more than 13,000 years of the flora and fauna of WNY
  • Second largest Eurypterid collection in a museum, c. 950 examples
Zoology - Collections


Zoology (Vertebrate & Invertebrate), c. 170,000 specimens, preparation types include pinned insects, taxidermy mounts, study skins, osteology, freeze dried and fluid preserved.
  • Focus on the fauna of the Niagara Frontier
  • All known regional species are represented
  • Strength is in ornithology
special collections - Collections

Special Collections

Paintings c. 100
Photographs c. 130,000
Microscope Collection c. 50
Microscope Slides c. 3,200
Glass Photomicrographs c. 5,000
  • Wilson A. Bentley Collection of Photomicrographs of Snowflakes
  • WPA Paintings on famous scientists
  • Historic images of the City of Buffalo and the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences.
library - Collections

Research Library

Serials c. 30,000
Monographs c. 10,000
  • Archive of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences
  • Rare Book Collection
  • Hamlin Archaeological and Oriental Library

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